Erythritol is a sugar substitute found in many popular stevia products. It is also used in some processed foods and beverages. A recent study has found that erythritol may be linked to an increased risk of heart attack and stroke.
The study, which was published in the journal Nature Medicine, followed over 100,000 people for over 10 years. The researchers found that people who consumed the most erythritol were more likely to have a heart attack or stroke than those who consumed the least erythritol.
The researchers are not sure how erythritol may increase the risk of heart attack and stroke. However, they believe that it may have something to do with the way that erythritol is metabolized in the body. Erythritol is broken down into a substance called D-erythrose, which can increase inflammation and oxidative stress.
The researchers also note that the study was observational, which means that it cannot prove that erythritol causes heart attack or stroke. However, the findings are concerning and suggest that more research is needed on the safety of erythritol.
What does this mean for consumers?
If you are concerned about your risk of heart attack or stroke, it is best to avoid erythritol. There are many other sugar substitutes available, such as stevia without erythritol, monk fruit, and xylitol. These sugar substitutes have not been linked to an increased risk of heart attack or stroke.
If you choose to consume erythritol, it is important to do so in moderation. The American Heart Association recommends that adults consume no more than 6 teaspoons (24 grams) of added sugar per day for women and 9 teaspoons (36 grams) for men. This includes sugar from all sources, including erythritol.
What are the risks of heart attack and stroke?
Heart attack and stroke are two of the leading causes of death in the United States. A heart attack occurs when the blood supply to the heart muscle is blocked. A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is blocked.
Heart attack and stroke can cause serious damage to the heart and brain. They can also lead to death. There are a number of factors that can increase your risk of heart attack and stroke, including:
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Family history of heart disease or stroke
If you are concerned about your risk of heart attack or stroke, it is important to talk to your doctor. They can help you assess your risk and develop a plan to reduce your risk.